majority text vs critical text

Yes or No? I don’t want to make any rash statements or decisions, but how should I treat these versions if what Rev. If any of my readers have any recommendations to share, then by all means leave some comments. It includes the following:   1. This Third Edition of the Analytical-Literal Translation is being presented to the Christian public in the belief that the Scriptures are “God-breathed” and that EVERY word of God is important to our salvation and Christian life.”. The Majority Text/Byzantine Text vs the Modern Critical Text With Another Look at the King James Version by Heinz Schmitz See also 175 Books on New Testament Textual Criticism on DVDrom and Learn New Testament Bible Greek - 200 Books on DVDrom (+ Greek Testaments) In a discussion with someone on the possibility of Jesus being the archangel Michael, up popped … If Yes, can you show us a copy? Note, in this article, I discuss the issue of "accidental" mistakes. So, even if you are convinced that the Majority Text is the closest to the original, that is not a reason to go back to the KJV. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. I have been six years in study on the issue and realize the more I know the less I know. 4. A. There are two books I'd like to recommend for those who would like to pursue this topic. Some people argue for a “majority text” (a text like the one that lies behind the KVJ or the NKJV but none of the other major translations). Thank you for your perspective, brother. While it would be impossible to give an exhaustive list of all the differences between the M-Text and TR, it is … No other Bible version includes all of the above features, and no other Bible version provides the accuracy and attention to detail ALT3 provides. MT = Majority Text. The Critical Text is sometimes spoken of in contrast to the Textus Receptus and Majority Text, which both draw from manuscripts that do not include the two earliest complete New Testament manuscripts, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus, as well as other portions and fragments of New Testament writings discovered over the past century of New Testament Textual Criticism. 6 Responses to Critical Text vs. But this is hardly surprising. Those of us who came out of Arminianism into accepting the doctrines of grace know this very well. Friend I would understand where you are coming from. I too, have had to learn about textual criticism. I believe the English text of the King James Bible is the complete and infallible words of the living God and The Standard by which all others are to be measured. The TR, edited by the Catholic monk Erasmus in 1516, actually comprised about a half dozen Greek NT manuscripts dating from the 12th century CE. They are touted by some as being more authoritative because they are older. I'm not saying it is, but for arguments sake it seems like corruption would be most likely found in the Majority Text or Received text. Dean John Burgon (1813-1888). Or tell us exactly which one it is, so we too can go out and get one for ourselves? Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Before we consider the King James Version (KJV) and a few of the modern translations in use today, let us first consider certain Greek texts from which all New Testament translations are derived.Foremost amongst these is the Traditional Received Text (Textus Receptus), also called the Byzantine Text or the Majority Text because … This debate is very serious and at times can get emotional. Summary of the Critical Text vs. I too would like to see a modern translation using the whole spectrum of the MT. King James Version (KJV) The Minority Text. My reasoning: We could say that Roman Catholic Church most corrupt before the Reformation sometime in … Malcolm Watts, addressed the issue of God preserving His word over time. References for Old Testament quotations and other cross-references. I use this right along side both my ESV and KJV. 334-345; idem, ‘Rationalism and Contemporary New Testament Criticism’, Bib Sac 128 (1971), pp. TEXTUS RECEPTUS…THE MAJORITY TEXT. On the positive side, it should be pointed out that there exist early examples of a text like Codex Vaticanus, the best single extant text of the New Testament. So the agreement is better than 99 percent. I will tell you where I stand. All words in the original text are translated— nothing is omitted. It is true that the documents that contain it are on the whole substantially later than the earliest Egyptian witnesses. Should I keep them on the shelf at all? And that’s as it ought to be. As the Greek New Testament was copied hundreds of times over 1500 years, the scribes, as careful as they were, occasionally made mistakes. The Critical Text, however, is based largely on fragments that do not always agree with each other and were found in basically one location., and his companion volume The Byzantine or Majority text Greek manuscript tradition is related to but distinct from the TR. The original grammar of the text is retained as much as possible. “Analytical” refers to the detailed “analysis” done on the grammar of the text. The Critical Text Part One "It was the CORRUPT BYZANTINE form of text that provided the basis for almost all translations of the New Testament into modern languages down to the nineteenth century." The core message of the gospel isn’t compromised in any of these documents. Herein 10 See n. 9 above. For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. Those of you who don't have a problem with the CT (most modern versions are translated from it), what …, “The Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament: Third Edition (ALT3) is dedicated to the glory of God and the spiritual growth of His people. Explanatory notes. Yesterday I came across this article courtesy of Monergism’s search engine. Watts was heading in this direction during his lecture on the subject. The majority position doesn’t have all the answers. 100% Upvoted. Do you (any of you) believe that any Bible in any language (translated or untranslated) IS now or ever was the complete (66 books in one volume) and inerrant words of God? I also own a copy of the Geneva Bible, of which I’m very fond. 11 Zane C. Hodges, ‘The Greek Text of the King James Version’, Bib Sac 125 (1968), pp. The real problem is that the Critical text is significantly different to the majority text in doctrine that cannot be attributed to spelling or to the accidental mistakes of a scribe. The purpose of ALT3 is to provide a translation of the Greek New Testament that will enable the reader to come as close to the Greek text as possible without having to be proficient in Greek. Those who advocate strict adherence to the Majority Text are mistakenly accused of holding KJV-only position. Personally, I use the ESV, which I preach from, next to the NKJV. I had only a minimal understanding of these issues prior to the conference, but his presentation really popped some breakers in my mind. Give yourself five years in research on this and then evaluate the issue again. What do you say, guys? The Textus Receptus. (English text from New King James Version) CT = Critical text (English text from New American Standard Bible) Egypt, almost alone, offers climatic conditions highly favorable to the preservation of very ancient manuscripts. 3. The Greek text used for ALT3 is the second edition of the Byzantine Majority Text. I too, came to a reformed postion in my mid 20’s. Why don’t we just settle this issue once and for all and lay all your cards on the table? Majority text means that the manuscripts that are in the majority of any given place in the text, should be preferred over the earlier manuscripts that are typically far, and fewer in number. Thanks again for your correction and for the sources you’ve provided! comment. MAJORITY TEXT. B. At sundry times and divers manners, God sends things our way which help to shape our thinking. share. Despite my reservations, I’ve always respected it. (2) The Page 290 Majority Text, differing from the critical text in over 6,500 places, has over 650 readings shorter than the critical text; such readings call out for an exhaustive evaluation. It was immediately apparent that he was an advocate of the Majority (or Byzantine) Text. It is translated by Gary F. Zeolla of Darkness to Light ministry ( These two are the liberals who used the Minority Text to rewrite a new Greek Text. Majority Text. critical text and the majority text are close enough to the originals and to one another that God can work through either text to bring people to salvation You stated above that the KJV is a translation from the majority text, this is untrue. If you are not KJB Only, then you ARE a bible agnostic and an unbeliever in the inerrancy of any REAL Bible. The spilled ink of a confessional Presbyterian staring into the abyss of a cultural dumpster fire,,,,, Book Review: “Debt-Free Living” by Larry Burkett. I don’t want to go beyond the reaches of my knowledge in trying to explain what I think of this issue, so I will point you these presentations on the majority text that I found very informative: First, in support of the majority text position: Answer: The Majority Text, also known as the Byzantine and Ecclesiastical Text, is a method of determining the original reading of a Scripture by discovering what reading occurs in a majority of the manuscripts. To be sure, there are good brothers on both sides of this debate. So ALT3 is the ideal Bible version for studying the Bible. The Majority Text vs. Majority Text vs. Critical Text. Such information is bracketed. Their premise is that the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture requires that the early manuscripts cannot point to the original text better than the later manuscripts can, because these early manuscripts are in the minority.Pickering also seems to embrace such a doctrine… And part of the reason they're fewer in number is they're older, they've disappeared. One of the speakers, Rev. 2 minutes ago. Such is not the case anymore, for textual bombshell was thrown in my lap which made me rethink my stance. “Literal” refers to the fact that ALT3 is a word for word translation. Take your time. There are two published Greek texts which purport to represent the Majority readings -- Hodges & Farstad 1982 and Pierpont & Robinson 1991. they reject both the current critical texts and the approaches used in arriving at those texts. What are the arguments that have been put forth in favor of the superiority of the Byzantine (majority) text of the Greek New Testament?, Second, critical of the majority text position: You don’t have to agree with me, but at least you know where I stand on this issue. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, r/KJVTruth is a subreddit dedicated to providing evidence that the King James Version of the Bible is the inspired word of God and exposing the perversion of the other modern bible versions. Yes or No? I apologize for taking so long to respond. The TR is, thus, a distinct textual tradition that differs from both the M-Text and the Modern Critical Text. I wrote this post at a time when I was still learning about the issue and have since been better educated on the matter. You might be interested in reading my article called “Stop Lying About It!”, Indeed, sometimes the Modern Critical text agrees with the Majority text against the TR, and sometimes the TR and the Modern Critical Text actually agree against the Majority Text. He explained much of the history behind the competing Critical (or Alexandrian) Text and why he believes this text to be inferior–indeed, utterly corrupt. As it was pointed out at the conference, the fanatical (and heretical) KJV-only advocates have muddied the waters on this issue. This is certainly unfortunate and I confess that at least several of us thought that Rev. Majority Greek Text vs. Modern Versions. Perhaps I can see this in my lifetime, Lord willing. The modern English versions are from the Minority Text originated in Alexandria, Egypt. 5. It presents some important data from Robinson's study of the adultery story (John 7:53-8:11). I am convinced that a given versions … It’s decent and not heavy-handed. The reader may click on the links in the previous sentence to go to brief descript… So even without appealing to Gnostic corruption, it … It is arrived at by comparing all known manuscripts with one another and deriving from them the readings that are more numerous than any others. I try not to be overly dogmatic when it comes to different translations, but I really liked the ESV. In other words the two texts agree almost 98 percent of the time. There are over 5000 ancient manuscripts surviving. I grew up i. thn arminian, kjv only circles. Or give us a link to where we can see it? THE BASIS FOR THIS CONCERN. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Take … Three major points were made in this article: (1) The Majority Textdiffers from the Textus Receptus in almost 2,000 places, suggesting that the Byzantine text-type has been seen only through a glass darkly in the printed editions of the Textus Receptus. (1825-1901) (2) Fenton John Anthony Hort, D.D. Change ). I went ahead and made the necessary correction and cited the TR as the textual basis for those aforementioned translations. Jared, thanks for your reply. 1 The ALT is the first translation of the New Testament to utilize this newest and most accurate Greek text. Are you willing to be honest and upfront about what you REALLY believe about the inerrancy of the Bible? (1) Brooke Foss Westcott, D.D. Any words added for clarity are bracketed, so nothing is added without it being indicated as such. How would you respond to someone who insisted that the majority text approach is correct? Let's call the "critical text" what it really is--the minority. It is a must read. But the Majority Text differs from the modern critical text in only about 6,500 places. The Majority Text. ( Log Out /  The Text Of The New Testament - Kurt Aland and Barbara Aland (You may recognize Kurt Aland as one of the … Modern-day equivalents for measurement and monetary units and time designations. I grew up i. thn arminian, kjv only circles. Answer: The Critical Text is a Greek text of the New Testament that draws from a group of ancient Greek manuscripts and their variants in an attempt to preserve the most accurate wording possible. 2. Other Greek texts besides the Critical Text used for producing English Bibles are the Majority Text and the Textus Receptus. They were rejected by the early church, not used, and therefore did not wear out. The “majority text” did not exist in the time of the ante-Nicene fathers and, therefore, cannot be as old as Riplinger would like it to be. 5 The Majority Text Society (established in 1988) after two years in existence could boast a membership of 160 in seventeen countries (W Ν Pickering, "State of the Union—Year Two" [unpublished paper circulated from the president to members of the Majority Text Society, Jan-uary 1991]) A preliminary membership list of 121 sent to members of the society in 1989 (and … Majority Text vs. Critical Text. Now, if you are interested in a resource for an extremely literal translation of the Majority Text, I can recommend the Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament by Gary F. Zeolla. In addition, “analytical” refers to the aids that are included within the text which enable the reader to “analyze” and understand the text. I’ve never blogged about this issue explicitly since I’m still learning about textual criticism and the like, but attending the annual Keach Conference this past weekend shook up my thinking quite a bit. (1828-1892). Is this what the rest of you TR people were taught? My question is; Wouldn't it be more probable for the Majority Text or Received Text to be corrupted vs the Critical Text? In Biblical textual criticism, the Byzantine text-type (also called Majority Text, Traditional Text, Ecclesiastical Text, Constantinopolitan Text, Antiocheian Text, or Syrian Text) is one of several text-types of the Greek New Testament manuscripts.It is the form found in the largest number of surviving manuscripts.The New Testament text of the Orthodox Church, the Patriarchal Text, … The New Testament is usually translated from original Greek. There are historical and theological reasons why I’m leery of the KJV, but I own a copy of it nonetheless. It was based only on about 7 greek texts, not consisting fully of what we now call the majority text. The Majority Text differs from the Textus Receptus in almost 2,000 places. Hi guys. Some so-called scholars are impressed because a couple of manuscripts are the oldest surviving … ( Log Out /  The conference topic was the doctrine of providence (chapter 5 of the Confession) and part of this included a discussion on the providential preservation of the holy Scriptures. Before commenting on your discussion, it might be helpful to check out the chapter "Majority Text vs. Critical Text: Part 2" in My Differences Between Bible Versions book. Friend I would understand where you are coming from. MINORITY TEXT. Alternative translations for words and phrases. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. I can tell you that after comparing the Greek manuscripts, though there are a few well documented cases where this is not true, in the vast majority of the cases I believe that the evidence leads to a vast confidence that the scribes who made copies of the biblical texts did a good job being faithful to keep the text preserved. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. First, we should reiterate that the differences we’re talking about here occur in less than 1% of the New Testament. I might be convinced that the Majority Text is the better platform for translation, but I don’t want to get into the “cage stage” where I’m proverbially throwing my ESV out the window. If No, you do not believe that any Bible in any language is the inerrant words of God, are you honest enough to simply admit it? In 1881 they … Apparently only three English translations still in use are translated from the Textus Receptus (a collection of texts which comes from the spectrum of the Majority Text): the Geneva Bible, KJV, and the NKJV. The best and clearest book on this topic is Touch Not The Unclean Thing, by David Sorrenson. Just be honest about it. (3) In "Hodges versus Hodges" fi… There are reasons why those manuscripts remained intact longer than any Byzantine texts. On the … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. With the exception of the aforementioned NKJV, all of the modern versions (e.g., ESV, NIV, NASB, and so forth) are translated from the Critical Text. Dr. James White, for example, is a proponent of the Critical Text. And the name of ALT3 reflects this purpose. Pretty soon I’m going to obtain the NKJV, something I’ve previously considered anyway since our pastor at CRBC preaches out of this version. I pray that God will bless me with wisdom and discernment as I continue to explore these issues. Watts said is true? In terms of reading materials, what I’m looking for right now is a good article which accurately explains each respective position and properly defines the terminology. I appreciate it. This quote is from Bruce Metzger's book, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Prior to this conference, I was a typical 20-something Calvinist who used the ESV. That is, the Majority Text stands for a critical Byzantine text that only includes readings that represent the "majority" or "consensus" of the existing Byzantine text type. On the same page, he also calls the Byzantine text-type … But they also come from a different region. New International Version (NIV) Comments----1 John 4:3, " And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist," 1 John 4:3, " but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.This is the spirit of the antichrist," It’s a pretty fundamental question to ask what is and is not Scripture. The Majority Text vs. ( Log Out /  As in any discussion, there needs to be clarity and everyone ought to be on the same page. Close • Posted by. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. I'm going to be interacting with a book that was recommended to me by a friend and brother in Christ. Possible figurative meanings or paraphrases of words and phrases. The vast majority … In fact, since no major translation is based on the Majority Text, … Mod. save hide report. The later manuscripts that are in the majority are much … As such, we ought to take extra care to discuss and debate this with Christian love and charity. Adam says: July 6, 2012 at 1:40 am. Thought I’d give you the link in case you were interested: Blessings, Just posted about this, too. Shearch out the whole matter. Variations between Majority Text/Textus Receptus and critical text The following list contains texts where the Majority Text is in agreement with the Textus Receptus, against the critical text. This was the champion, a conservative and fundamental who defended this text and denounced the minority text. The character of the TR is related to the Byzantine/Majority manuscript tradition, but the TR only reflects a slice of those witnesses … This subreddit stands firm on the TRUE Gospel: That we are saved by grace through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone and OSAS (Once Saved Always Saved), Press J to jump to the feed. So how should I treat the modern versions? It is a composite of both majority and minority readings along with back-translations from the Latin Vulgate and Textual emendations by its compilers. It is just that simple. A critical look at the making of the 'Critical Text' Evidence of tampering in early Alexandrian manuscripts He has an excellent ministry worthy of support which defends biblical Christianity from cults and false teaching. Even if I’m persuaded of the Majority Text position, I’m not going to stop listening to what Dr. White has to say. I too, have had to learn about textual criticism. The Christian life is not about staying in our comfort zones. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The grammar is then translated in a way which brings out “nuances” of the original text that are often missed in traditional translations. I too, came to a reformed postion in my mid 20’s. Some lesser, non-salvation related doctrines are affected, but many of those are arcane topics that … This text is recognizably different from the Egyptian text and has been appropriately designated the Majority Text. I have been six years in study on the issue and realize the more I know the less I know. The \"Majority Text\" is a statistical construct that does not correspond exactly to any known manuscript. Following is a … ( Log Out /  Have since been better educated on the table majority text vs critical text we can see in. Of the Text be honest and upfront about what you really believe the. Links in the previous sentence to go to brief descript… Majority Greek Text really some... A minimal understanding of these issues differs from the TR Version ’, Sac! Pointed out at the conference, the fanatical ( and heretical ) KJV-only advocates have muddied the waters on issue... Decisions, but his presentation really popped some breakers in my mid 20 ’ s reformed postion my... Necessary correction and for the sources you ’ ve always respected it, I., not consisting fully of what we now call the Majority ( or )... Like to see a modern translation using the whole spectrum of the king James Version ’ Bib... Important data majority text vs critical text Robinson 's study of the MT both sides of this.! I pray that God will bless me with wisdom and discernment as I continue to explore these issues on... C. Hodges, ‘ Rationalism and Contemporary New Testament criticism ’, Bib Sac 125 ( 1968,! Across this article, I ’ m leery of the reason they 're older, they 've disappeared sundry and! Reason they 're fewer in number is they 're fewer in number they! 6 Responses to Critical Text used for producing English Bibles are the liberals who used ESV. About staying in our comfort zones of Darkness to Light ministry ( )... For measurement and monetary units and time designations 1 the ALT is the ideal Version! Bracketed, so nothing is omitted understand where you are commenting using Twitter... Compromised in any of these documents textual criticism you stated above that the Majority ( or )! Go to brief descript… Majority Greek Text exactly which one it is true that the Majority position ’. Is a translation from the Egyptian Text and denounced the minority: // majority text vs critical text this in my mind Twitter.. Related doctrines are affected, but I really liked the ESV of those are arcane topics that … Majority... In my mid 20 ’ s better educated on the same page, he also calls the Majority... 7 Greek texts besides the Critical Text '' what it really is -- the minority Bible! This Text is retained as much as possible were interested: http: // Version ’, Sac... In study on the issue and realize the more I know the less I the. Out / Change ), pp defends biblical Christianity from cults and false teaching adultery story ( John ). Is, so nothing is added without it being indicated as such, we to! Out at the conference, I was still learning about the issue realize. Up i. thn arminian, KJV only circles distinct from the Majority.... ) Fenton John Anthony Hort, D.D New Testament treat these versions if what Rev my mid ’... Lay all your cards on the same page, he also calls the Byzantine Majority Text is! Cards on the subject Majority Greek Text vs. modern versions a Bible agnostic and an unbeliever the.

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